Citizenship and Immigration

For many Americans, their U.S. citizenship issued at birth is something they dont think twice about. But for applying immigrants, citizenship is a serious goal.

Hopefully most American natural born citizens understand that citizenship is one of the most greatly desired gifts this countrys government can bestow on its citizens. For those of us who have not had to go through the process of becoming a U.S Citizen apart from being naturally born here, there is only one other way to become U.S. citizens and that is by the often times-lengthy process of what is known as “naturalization”.

Naturalization can often times be a complicated process so you should consult with an immigration lawyer rather than attempting this yourself. Even something as simple as travel within the country or state is something that a person needs to know the rules about and this is where an Immigration lawyer is needed so that you have someone to ask questions such as “How long does it take for USCIS to issue work permission and travel permission?” or “When should I renew my work and travel permission?”

Learning about your new country and its rights and the responsibilities that accompany citizenship is an important part of being a good citizen and at the USCIS and the Office of Citizenship they have developed a great amount of resources and a variety of educational materials that allow immigrants to learn more about U.S. history and government as they prepare for the naturalization test.

A final thought on the naturalization process; in addition to finding good counsel and being represented by an immigration lawyer, there are general requirements that the USCIS will look for by those who look to make our great country their home, to name just a few: good moral character, a knowledge and understanding of U.S. history and government, and favorable disposition toward the United States.

Understanding Some Basics On Criminal Law

Criminal laws consist of prosecution by the government of someone for an action that has been grouped as a crime. Civil cases, to the contrary, involve individuals and organizations seeking to deal with legal disagreements. In a criminal case, the state, through a prosecutor, triggers the suit, while in a civil case the victim brings the suit. Persons convicted of a crime may be imprisoned, ticketed, or both. However, people deemed accountable in a civil case may only have to give up property or pay money damages, but are not jailed.

A “crime” is any act or failure to act in violation of a public law outlawing or commanding it. Even though there are various common law crimes, nearly all criminal offenses in the United States are implemented by local, state, and federal governing bodies. Criminal laws range significantly from state to state. There is, nonetheless, a Model Penal Code (MPC) which acts as a good beginning position to obtain an understanding of the basic structure of criminal liability.

Criminal offenses include both felonies and misdemeanors. Felonies are ordinarily violations punishable by imprisonment of a year or more, while misdemeanors are violations punishable by less than a year. However, no conduct is a crime if it has not been previously confirmed as such either by statute or common law. Recently, the list of Federal criminal offenses dealing with activities stretching out further than state borders or having special impact on federal operations, has developed.

All statutes describing criminal behavior can be broken down into their various elements. Most criminal offenses (with the exception of strict-liability offenses) include two elements: an act, or “actus reus,” and a mental state, or “mens rea”. Prosecutors have got to prove each and every element of the criminal offense to yield a conviction. Additionally, the prosecutor has to persuade the jury or judge “beyond a reasonable doubt” of every fact required to constitute the criminal offense charged. In civil cases, the plaintiff has to show a defendant is at fault only by a “preponderance of the evidence,” or more than 50%.

The heighten burden required in a criminal case reflects the serious consequences of a criminal conviction.

Obtaining Employment Immigration Visas To Work In The United States

If you are moving to America from a different country, you will need an employment immigration visa in order to work legally in the country. People who are not American citizens or legally permanent residents must obtain these visas, to work here. The process can be quite complicated if you are not already familiar with it. Hiring an employment immigration attorney can help greatly throughout this process if you want to work in the US on a temporary basis.

If you want to work temporarily in America, you will need a visa that is specific to your line or work and the purpose for your travel to the United States. To obtain this necessary document, you must meet a number of requirements within employment immigration law in the United States. Your employer is also required to file a petition to the U.S. Citizen and Immigration Services on your behalf. If you are seeking permanent residency in the U.S., you will need to obtain a green card. This document will authorize you to work and live permanently in the country.

Obtaining an Employment Authorization Document (EAD) is necessary to prove that you are eligible to work in America. This card is valuable for one year, and it can be renewable. Students and exchange visitors may also be allowed to work in the United States under certain circumstances. These people must obtain permission from a person who is authorized to do so, typically a Designated School Official. Employers are obligated to verify that any individual they hire is authorized to be employed in the United States.

There are a variety of work visas. Exchange visitor visas are available to individuals who are approved to participate in study or work based exchange programs. Temporary work visas are available for foreign workers who are working in specific fields in the U.S. There are also temporary documents for skilled, educated individuals in specialized fields. Green cards are available for foreign individuals who wish to become permanent residents of the United States.

Because this process can be quite convoluted to go through on your own, you may want to consider hiring an attorney who specializes in this field of the law. A legal professional can help you to get through the process easily. Whether you are interested in a permanent or temporary stay in the U.S., it is essential that you get the documents necessary to work legally.

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How Couples Could Benefit From Mediation

So often we hear about how high the rate of divorce is in both the United Kingdom and the United States. Divorces can be emotional, time consuming, and expensive affairs. More than ever, couples are being encouraged to use mediation services in order to solve their difficulties, in order to avoid all the difficulties of a divorce.

When emotions are running high and couples don’t know how they can possibly make things work anymore, divorce can seem like the only way out. Communication is the key to all good relationships and when communication breaks down, relationships tend to break down too. Mediation services are great because they teach you how to talk to each other about how you’re feeling in an open and honest fashion.

It can be difficult to talk about our feelings, even to those who are closest to us. Having difficult conversations can be uncomfortable, and sometimes we need a helping hand. Despite the fact we are arguing with our partner, we generally don’t like upsetting other people.

Conflicts between loved ones can be particularly difficult to handle because relationships are so steeped in history. Mediation is future focused, so an independent mediator will attempt to move the relationship forwards rather than allowing the couple to dwell on past events. Bringing up old arguments and past mistakes does not resolve anything and is no basis for a healthy relationship.

This is one fundamental way in which mediation and divorce differ. Divorce courts do not accept ‘irreconcilable differences’ as a valid reason for couples wanting to split up. They instead insist that fault is blamed on one of the parties involved. This is perhaps why mediation is becoming such a popular option for arguing couples. Divorce is not as simple as one person being wrong and the other right; it is infinitely more complicated than that.

If children are involved, then mediation could be useful for a couple as well. If talking about your differences doesn’t solve them, it could at least bring some civility to proceedings. If you still decide to divorce then it is best to do so in a civil manner, so the children are not left feeling anymore confused and upset than they need to be. Deciding on how often children are to be seen and who stays with who is another big issue when it comes to divorce, and it is better if this can be settled outside of the divorce courts in order to avoid as much distress as is possible.

Ultimately, divorce sometimes is the only option for some couples. However, it is certainly better to do everything in your power to attempt to reconcile the relationship outside of the court room to begin with.

When You Should Hire A Houston Criminal Law Attorney

The legal system in the United States is very confusing to the average person because of the way codes are written and the particular language that is used. This is usually the reason why you should hire a Houston Criminal Attorney if you are involved in certain types of legal matters in the state of Texas. Of course, if you don’t know anything about the law, how will you know when you should seek the services of a qualified lawyer? The truth is, there are some basic things that are easy to learn about the legal system that help you determine if you need legal counsel and which type of professional to acquire.

First of all, you need to know that the criminal justice system is based on two things: actus reus and mens rae. Actus reus is the committing of an act of guilt while mens rae is the state of mind when committing the act. This defines a crime as an act of guilt (that breaks a law) committed by a person with the intention of said act. Thus, if you are accused of committing a crime it is because it has been determined that you had the intention of participating in an illegal activity and then committed to the activity. A Houston Criminal Law Attorney can help you better understand the terms.

Secondly, you should know that there are two types of crimes: misdemeanors and felonies. Misdemeanors are crimes that can be punishable by imprisonment for under a year. Misdemeanors include things like:
*Petty theft and larceny
*Driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol (without incident)
*Minor in possession of alcohol
*Reckless driving
*Trespassing
*Disorderly conduct

Felonies, then, are crimes that can be punishable by imprisonment of more than a year. Felonies include things like:
*Murder
*Assault
*Rape
*Kidnapping
*Robbery
A qualified Houston Criminal Attorney can help you determine what action you should take based on which category of crime in which your case falls.

Determining if a crime has been committed is only part of the criminal law process. It is important to have a Criminal Law Attorney because the other side of criminal law is sentencing, or punishment. Every crime has a set type of punishment that has been determined to be suitable. This punishment can be jail time, fines, community service, or a combination of these. Your attorney can often negotiate these limitations based on your personal employment, financial, and family responsibilities, which is another reason they are a worthy investment.

The bottom line is that if you are considering hiring a professional Houston Criminal Law Attorney then you should at least see if you can get a free consultation. Many lawyers offer this service to help educate potential clients on the complexities of the legal system and to help ease their mind. In fact, the peace of mind you can get from knowing that a qualified professional is handling your case for you is usually worth what they charge.

Immigration Bonds Are Here To Help Migrants

Immigration bonds are not frequently talked about when it comes to bail bonds. If you are not an immigrant, then you will not need this form of specialized bond nor a bail bond agency that specializes in immigration. If you are a natural citizen, then you will not need the services of the Immigration and Naturalization Service, or INS, to help bail you out of a problem.

Immigration bonds are issued by the Department of Immigration and Naturalization Service to bail bond agents who specialize and are licensed to bond out immigrants to the United States. It is not just any old license.

It is one that is specially given out by the INS for a bail agency that knows the inner workings and risks associated with immigrants. Studies have shown that immigrants from certain countries are more likely to run and force a bail enforcement agent to try to track them down.

There are two ways a bond is posted. The first is a cash bond in which the immigrant puts up the entire amount in cash him or herself. The second is through a bail agency that will guarantee the bond but requires a percentage of the bond as their fee.

The higher the risk of running, the larger the bond will be and thus the percentage, which is non-refundable, will be higher as well. As long as the immigrant shows up to the court on the designated day there will be no problems.

There is one note that needs attention when dealing with the INS. Just because an immigrant is arrested does not mean they will automatically be deported back to their home country. It depends largely on the degree of crime and whether or not they are in the United States legally.

Chances are pretty high that if they are here illegally, they will be deported back to their home country. Just as with American citizens, immigrants are innocent until proven guilty.

Since immigration bonds are a specialized form of bond, it takes a person familiar with the laws of the Immigration and Naturalization Service in order to write the bond. The INS can point the immigrant towards agencies and attorneys who are familiar with these laws and who can help them out if they find themselves in trouble with the law.

It does not have to be a fruitless endeavor of hunting and searching. That is why the INS is a perfect place to begin the search. They help immigrants get the help they need in order to be tried fairly.

Visit Mike Selvon portal to learn more about the immigration bonds. Your feedback is much appreciated at our bail bond services blog where a free gift awaits you.

Faqs For Those Searching For Reputable Mesothelioma Lawyers

If you or a loved one is a victim of mesothelioma, then there are some facts you may wish to consider. It is not uncommon for many people to be a little uncertain when it comes to consulting mesothelioma lawyers for advice and even potential lawsuits to claim damages. Dont be overwhelmed when searching for legal advice. Get started on your path to legal guidance by reading through this assortment of frequently asked questions provided by knowledgeable mesothelioma lawyers.

Is it true that asbestos is still a viable occupational hazard in the twenty-first century?

Although asbestos was primarily mined and used in various manufacturing operations and products between the years of 1940 and 1979, there are still many unfortunate cases involving its use today. In fact, nearly 125 million people were still exposed to asbestos in 2010 around the globe through their work alone, despite the fact that there are a large number of synthetic materials proven to be much safer. Mesothelioma lawyers have helped many victims of asbestos exposure receive payment for personal damages resulting from occupational or environmental exposure to this substance.

What occupations do mesothelioma lawyers feel are most at risk for asbestos exposure today?

Most of the occupations that are at risk for exposure today exist within the construction industry. Many construction workers may come in contact with this dangerous mineral as a component of construction materials; and especially in the renovation or demolition of structures, which are known to contain asbestos. Other at risk positions include workers in equipment or building maintenance. Additionally, a number of rescue workers may have been exposed to this and other toxic substances during the tragic disaster of September 11. Although there are stringent bans and restrictions in place throughout the United States, there are still many countries around the world that have not banned the use of asbestos. Mesothelioma lawyers are well-versed in the unfortunate listing of risky occupations and environments for workers who may come into contact with asbestos while employed.

Is there any recourse for workers or individuals coping with asbestos-related exposure and illnesses?

Yes there is. Todays mesothelioma lawyers are experts at understanding the legislative process, which may help to satisfy a portion of the damages suffered by victims of mesothelioma and their families. There are a number of legal precedents and restrictions in place that seriously affect any company or organizations ability to haphazardly expose workers to such a toxic material. These experienced mesothelioma lawyers know exactly how to accomplish a settlement that provides some small relief to workers and their families that have been unfairly exposed for business gain.
If you or anyone you know is dealing with the tragic illness of mesothelioma, or other asbestos-related cancer, then you may want to consider contacting one of the mesothelioma lawyers at Baron and Budd, P.C. With a proven track record for helping victims around the United States, these mesothelioma lawyers know how to obtain a fair settlement for unlawful exposure to asbestos.
Sources:

1.)11 December 2010 .

2.) Haining Yang, Zeyana Rivera, Sandro Jube, Masaki Nasu, Pietro Bertino, Chandra Goparaju, Guido Franzoso, Michael T. Lotze, Thomas Krausz, Harvey I. Pass, Marco E. Bianchi, and Michele Carbone. Programmed necrosis induced by asbestos in human mesothelial cells causes high-mobility group box 1 protein release and resultant inflammation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2010; DOI:10.1073/pnas.1006542107

Items Of Public Divorce Records

There is no doubt at all that right to freedom of information act has changed the whole society. Few years back, no one would have thought that he could get the information related to the delicate issues like divorce through online application. However, this is now a reality. The public divorce records are available online through some formalities. The applicant has to fill the form online and then he can get the complete record within few days. It is easy and risk as well as stress free. The divorce might have occurred due to violence or abuse. Through the public records, it is now quite easy to find out all the details.

At second marriage, it is quite possible that the other party will like to know about the person in question. This is definitely possible. All these cases are filed in the county where both the spouse lives. However, keeping the divorce record is the matter of the state government. A very huge state repository is being maintained and it has been found that more than 40% of the marriages in United States are being broken within one year due to the various reasons. Thus, it is quite easy to understand that this state repository is huge and many records are being available.

Generally, these public records contain the details related to child, property, assets as well as the venue and the timing of the divorce. It should be kept in mind that majority of divorces are due to brutal assaults and both the spouse will definitely like to hide it. In fact, most of the records are being declared confidential and hence one will find that such records are not being available. However, on special request and on payment of certain fees these records might be handed over to the applicant.

A perfect divorce record will contain the records like time and location, all the settlement details, grounds for divorce, filing number, final decree as well as the pertinent information. There are many situations when the divorce records might be required. It can be simply a gesture made by some friend. Sometimes the spouse might want to remarry and hence he or she will have to present a copy of divorce record. Some of the government processes require the spouse to prove that they are now single and in all those circumstances, the person involved will have to provide the copy of the divorce record, which they can get through email, phone, and fax or by filling online form.

These details are also used for the genealogy research and there is no doubt at all that these records are very useful. Sometimes one will find that the public divorce records are also used for the negative purposes. Sometimes, the enemies might use them for the blackmailing purposes and this can be very dangerous. However, in 90% cases, these records are being used for healthy purposes and hence, there are no issues at that that these records should not be given to all the people. However, only required information should be given.

Hemp And Legal Implications

Copyright 2006 Francesca Black

In 1619 Jamestown Colony, Virginia enacted laws ordering farmers to grow hemp. Similar laws were enacted in Massachusetts in 1631, Connecticut in 1632 and the Chesapeake Colonies in the mid-1700’s.

Even though the U.S. government encouraged American farmers to grow hemp for WWII and had even accepted it as payment of taxes in Colonial America, it is now prohibited to grow hemp in the United States.

Cannabis hemp was legal tender in most of the Americas from 1631 until the early 1800’s. you could even pay your taxes with cannabis hemp. In the mid-to-late 1800’s the 2nd & 3rd most commonly used medications were concentrated cannabis extracts and resins (a.k.a. hashish). At one time American companies Eli Lily, Squibb and Park Davis produced cannabis extract medicines but clearly that is no longer the case..

Today the THC levels in industrial hemp are so low that no one could ever get high from smoking it. Moreover, hemp contains a relatively high percentage of another cannabinoid, CBD, that actually blocks the marijuana high. Hemp, it turns out, is not only not marijuana; it could be called ‘antimarijuana.’ Although opponents of hemp production claim that hemp fields will be used to hide marijuana fields, this is unlikely because cross-pollination between hemp and marijuana plants would significantly reduce the potency of the marijuana plant.

On March 12, 1998, Canada legalized hemp production and set a limit of 0.3% THC content that may be present in the plants and requires that all seeds be certified for THC content.

In 1942 the US government strongly encouraged hemp cultivation to help with the war effort, going so far as to produce a film entitled “Hemp For Victory”. Hemp was grown commercially (with increasing government interference) in the United States until the 1950s. While congress expressly expected the continued production of industrial hemp, the Federal Bureau of Narcotics lumped industrial hemp with marijuana, as its successor the United States Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), does to this day. Even though the US government encouraged American farmers to grow hemp for WWII and had even accepted it as payment of taxes in Colonial America, it is now prohibited to grow hemp in the United States. While industrial hemp and marijuana may look somewhat alike to the untrained eye, an easily trained eye can easily distinguish the difference.

The European Union subsidizes its farmers to grow industrial hemp. Hemp seed is not psychoactive and cannot be used as a drug. Hemp Seed does not contain THC. From 1842 through the 1880s, extremely strong marijuana (then known as cannabis extractums), hashish extracts, tinctures, and elixirs were routinely the second and third most-used medicines in America for humans (from birth through old age). These extracts were also used in veterinary medicine until the 1920s.

The illogical and unrealistic reasons for not growing hemp should be set aside now, as this crop will be a wonderful economic boon. In 1935 116 million pounds (58,000 tons) of hemp seed was used to make paints and varnishes yet it has been effectively prohibited in the United States since the 1950s.

Hemp was doomed by the Marijuana Tax Act of 1937, which placed an extremely high tax and made it effectively impossible to grow industrial hemp. While congress expressly expected the continued production of industrial hemp, the Federal Bureau of Narcotics lumped industrial hemp with marijuana, as its successor the United States Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), does to this day. While industrial hemp and marijuana may look somewhat alike to the untrained eye, an easily trained eye can easily distinguish the difference.

No marijuana grower would hide marijuana plants in a hemp field. Marijuana is grown widely spaced to maximize flowers and leaves; hemp is grown tightly-spaced to maximize stalk and is usually harvested before it goes to seed. It is also the first place where law enforcement officials would look. No one would want to smoke industrial hemp. Industrial hemp has a THC content of between 0.05 and 1%. Marijuana has a THC content of 3% to 20%. To receive a standard psychoactive dose would require a person to power-smoke 10-12 hemp cigarettes over a very short period of time. The large volume, high temperature of vapor, gas and smoke would be difficult for a person to withstand, much less enjoy.

The US State Department must certify each year that a foreign nation is cooperating in the war on drugs. The European Union subsidizes its farmers to grow industrial hemp. Those nations are not on this list, because the US State Department distinguishes the difference between hemp and marijuana. Over 30 industrialized democracies do distinguish hemp from marijuana. International treaties regarding marijuana make an exception for hemp, and trade alliances such as NAFTA allow for the importation of hemp. In fact NAFTA allow for the importation of hemp. All members of the Group of Seven Industrialized Nations permit hemp cultivation except one-the United States.

How Can I Find Immigration Attorneys in New York

An immigration attorney can help you to do every step for immigration to the United States. To deal with any immigration related issues, you should find the best immigration attorney in New York.

Every people want to settle down in the United States of America? So you have to find immigration attorneys to advise and help you on whatever needs to be done. Immigration is not simple. The policies governing immigration are sometimes too complex.

Moreover, immigration lawyers can present your case in a clear and concise manner according to the laws of the land, this can help your case to be decided more expeditious. If you have been afraid to speak to an attorneys due to an order of deportation, feel free please come in to speak with us. We can review your case and documents to determine how you can obtain legal status. Once you get citizenship of the United States, you are eligible for lot of benefits. So we can help you to quickly apply for the United States citizenship. We will also supply you with the paperwork needed to obtain various waivers for the English proficiency and American history tests, among other things.

There are many issues that need to be taken care of when you want to immigrate to United States. The work of the immigration lawyer is to basically make their clients naturalized citizen of the United States. Our practice handles a wide variety of U.S. immigration and nationality matters ranging from the most of applications for work authorization and complex waiver application. We have regularly contact with USCIS and the Immigration Courts, and Consular to advocating for our clients.

We understand the anxiety of foreign nationals and the impact the ever-changing laws have on their lives and families. Hence we are dedicated to providing solutions for their work and permanent resident needs. In the range of services include employment-based green cards, family based green cards, H-1B visas, L1 visas, intercompany transfer, TN visas, K visas, fiances visa, international student visa as including F-1, B-2 Visa and naturalization/citizenship, to mention a few.

Rani Emandi is a legal expert. She gives advice to clients who all are looking for immigration lawyers in New York. Please visit for more information: